Sardines are silvery, small, oily seawater fish that are soft-boned. There are mainly 6 different species belonging to the Clupeidae family, but more than 20 varieties of are sold as Sardines across the world.They are at the bottom of the aquatic food chain and survive mainly on plankton.
Sardines are rich in minerals, especially Phosphorus which helps strengthening the bone matrix and very high protein content that provides amino acids to the body.They have been found to reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, have a low calorie count and are a rich source of vitamin B12 and vitamin, are one of the most concentrated sources of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.
They can be prepared in a variety of ways: grilled, smoked,consumed as a curry and pickled. Fish soups, stews, cutlets all have recipes that use sardines.
Tip :While buying sardines, look for ones that smell fresh, are firm to the touch, have bright eyes and shiny skin.